7 Steps to Xeriscape Landscaping and Garden Design

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Xeriscape Landscape Design, San Diego

What is xeriscape landscaping? The term XERISCAPE was developed in 1981 by the Associated Landscape Contractors of Colorado to describe a water efficient landscape program. Xeriscape means a dry vista or landscape. Xeriscape does not mean ZERO scape.

Did you know that San Diego imports 90% of its water? In San Diego County, 58% of water is used for residential, 25% industrial or commercial, 11% agricultural, and 6% for other uses. With the lack of rain and environmental changes, the future water source is questionable. If every individual makes a little effort and planning on his or her part, then a large amount of water can be saved.

Renovating and changing over to xeriscape garden or water-wise landscaping can be both environmentally and financially rewarding.

The following 7 steps of Xeriscape garden design will help you re-evaluate the use of water, be more practical, and provide a water conserving approach to landscape design and maintenance.

  1. Planning and design. Planning is the most important step to successful water-wise gardening. Due to and lack of proper planning, large amount of water is wasted in our own gardens. Do not mix water loving plants with drought tolerant plants. If you want water-loving plants, choose an area and have separate water irrigation zoning.
  2. Soil analysis. Soil testing is an important tool in plant health management. Tests can indicate nutrient status, pH, salinity, organic content, and texture. Soil testing kits are available at your local nursery, garden or home improvement store. Improve the soil prior to planting and installation of any irrigation system. Many drought tolerant plants need good drainage and this should not be overlooked.
  3. Appropriate plant selection. Try to use drought tolerant and native plants. You can find these plants at your local garden stores with the California Friendly Plant logo. Become environmentally aware and make California more beautiful. California native plants are suited to the state’s soil and climate because they have evolved here over millions of years. Native plants also can help save water and attract wildlife.
  4. Limit turf area. Remember, your lawn uses the most water in your garden, so try to keep turf area down to 20 – 30% of the total landscape Singapore. Avoid small useless lawns, water-loving lawns. The rule of thumb is that if you have small children, keep the lawn area. If you don’t have small children, just eliminate the lawn area completely. If you still want to have that turf look, it can be replaced with others, less water-demanding materials such as ground covers.
  5. Efficient irrigation. A well-planned irrigation design system can save water and money. Separate turf areas from other plantings and use an automatic sprinkler system and make sure they have good coverage and do not waste water. Trees, shrubs, flowers, ground covers can be watered with low-volume drip irrigation or a micro-irrigation system. Irrigate early in the day and under low wind conditions.
  6. Use of mulches. Mulches cover and cool the soil, minimize evaporation, reduce weed growth and soil erosion. Organic mulches examples are tree bark, chips, wood grindings, lawn clippings, and garden compost. Inorganic mulches are weed barrier cloth, rock and gravel products or gravel supplies Perth.
  7. Appropriate maintenance. DO NOT over-water, as it can be a big problem. If you hire maintenance services for your garden make sure they understand the needs of drought tolerant plants.

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